PrepCBSE

The Enemy NCERT Solution


Q1.

There are moments in life when we have to make hard choices between our roles as private individuals and as citizens with a sense of national loyalty. Discuss with reference to the story you have just read.

Ans.

Sometimes life makes us stand in front of crossroads where we have to make critical choice between our nation and humanity. The story of Dr. Sadao, Hana and the prisoner of war, when Dr. Sadao and Hana found wounded prisoner of war washed ashore. They were in dilemma, Being a citizen weather to inform army about the prisoner of war or being a Doctor threat him. Sadao kept humanity over the all the differences between them and the country they belong to and operated him. They kept prisoner secretly in their home, it was threat to his family and question mark for future of his children, as they broke the law. In order to assure safety of his family he informed the General about the prisoner who promised to send assassins to kill the prisoner. But, deep inside he was sympathetic to him therefore he allowed the prisoner to escape.


Q2.

Dr Sadao was compelled by his duty as a doctor to help the enemy soldier. What made Hana, his wife. sympathetic to him in the face of open defiance from the domestic staff?

Ans.

When Hana was trying to convince Yumi to clean the prisoner she herself realised, helplessness severity of prisoners condition. Her humanity made her impulsively perform her duty. Her loyalty towards her husband motivated her to keep performing her duty even after being forced to do all house-hold chaos and felling sick. This shows us her compassion and humanitarian behavior.


Q3.

How would you explain the reluctance of the soldier to leave the shelter of the doctor's home even when he knew he couldn't stay there without risk to the doctor and himself?

Ans.

His reluctance to leave Dr. Sadao's house was justifies by his confidence on sadao. Earlier he use to think sadao will hand over him to Japanese army but, when he came to consciousness, the amount of care ensured him that he was in safe hands. Understanding the threat on sadao's family due to him, he escaped as sadao planned.


Q4.

What explains the attitude of the General in the matter of the enemy soldier? Was it human consideration, lack of national loyalty, dereliction of duty or simple self-absorption?

Ans.

General not allowing Sadao to go with army just because he was his patient and only believed on Sadao's skill. When Sadao informed the general about enemy soldier according to his promise he was supposed to send assassins to kill prisoner. But, he forgot to send them, both the incidents tells us about his carelessness and self- absorption.


Q5.

While hatred against a member of the enemy race is justifiable, especially during wartime, what makes a human being rise above narrow prejudices?

Ans.

Nowadays wars between countries and people of different races are fighting with each other so often that war became part of our life. Several times people do not have valid reason to hate each other, yet keep hating each other. People with selfish motive and chauvinist mindset about their race use normal people of their race as means to push their agenda through brain washing and feeding misinformation about people of other race. No one can take humanity from humans it can be only put to sleep. Humanity allows people to rise above narrow prejudices just like, Sadao forgot that prisoner belongs to their enemy country and tried his best to save him.


Q6.

Do you think the doctor's final solution to the problem was the best possible one in the circumstances?

Ans.

According to me doctor's final solution was the best way to deal with the problem as the prisoner was threat to Sadao's family he informed General but, in a situation where knowingly general is not taking any action due to his self-absorption. He was left with this solution only to ensure safety of his family. This way he also gave the prisoner second chance to choose humanity over this war.