Class 12th English Lost Spring NCERT Solutions

Understanding the text:

  1. What could be some of the reasons for the migration of people from villages to cities?

  2. Would you agree that promises made to poor children are rarely kept? Why do you thick this happens in the incidents narrated in the text?

  3. What forces conspire to keep the workers in the bangle industry of Firozabad in poverty?

Talking about the text:

  1. How, in your opinion, can Mukesh realise his dream?

  2. Mention the hazards of working in the glass bnagles industry.

  3. Why should child labour be eliminated and how?

Class 12th English, Chpater- Lost Spring Explanation

Lost Spring

Autor: Annes Jung.

This is an excerpt of one of her books, lost spring.

Poverty- this lesson describes how poverty force children to deny education and face hardship quite early in their life.

Part 1- "Sometimes I find a rupee in the garbage"

Chapter Explanation:

  1. This lesson is about a ragpicker boy 'Saheb-e-Alam'

  2. He and his other friends use to search for gold in the garbage dump, here gold refer to anything useful to them.

  3. Earlier his and his family use to live at Dhaka, as there were many storms that swept away their field and houses.

  4. His name was Saheb-e-Alam means, lord of the universe.

  5. When Annes came to know that there was no school, she promised to Saheb, that she will build one for him, just to know that is he interested in taking education or not.

  6. A broad smile on the face of Saheb shows that how interested.

  7. Often such promises are made just to give them a fake hope.

  8. The author compared the army of the boys to birds. Because like birds they use to wake up in morning for rag picking and were free like birds.

  9. When Annes asked why they do not wear footwear. It is not lack of money but a tradition to stay barefoot. It is only an excuse to explain away a perpetual state of poverty.

  10. Annes remember a story of a man from Udipi, when he was young, he goes to school past an old temple.

  11. The ragpickers were living at Seemapuri, which is situated at the outskirts of the new Delhi.

  12. Seemapuri: it is abandoned area; it is no longer empty. Structures of mud with roofs of tin and tarpaulin, devoid of sewage, live 10,000 ragpickers, they lived 30 years.

  13. They live without identity and permits but, ration cards enable them to buy grains.

  14. Survival means rag-picking in Seemapuri.

  15. For the elders the garbage is gold, as it is their daily bread. But it is wrapped in the wonder to the children.

  16. According to the Saheb the shoes were given to him by someone. But those were discarded shoes of some rich boy, who refused to wear it as there was a hole in one of them.

  17. One day he was carrying a steel canister to the milk booth, he works in a tea stall, he gets 8000 rupees and all meals. A got work at a tea stall.

  18. Now he lost his carefree look.

  19. Steel canister was heavier than plastic bag because plastic bag was his own but, steel canister is of the tea stall owner.

  20. Saheb is no longer his own master.

Part 2- "I wanted to derive a car"

Chapter Explanation:

  1. Mukesh wants to be a car mechanic. He and his family live at Firozabad and engaged in bangle making.

  2. None of them know that child labour is illegal.

  3. Their homes were with crumbling walls, wobbly doors, no windows, crowded with families of humans and animals.

  4. Mukesh's father was first, tailor and then a bangle maker.

  5. All the family members work in dark hut next to flames of flickering oil lamps, there eyes were more adjusted to the dark than light outside.

  6. Mukesh's father was able to achieve what many have failed; he built a roof for his family.

  7. Savita a young unmarried girl who belongs to a family of bangle makers in Firozabad. She was soldering some glass pieces to transform them into beautiful glass bangles. Her hand moves like a machine with a great efficiency, she didn't know the sanctity of the bangles, she will understand the cultural significance when she will become a bride.

  8. Even if they get organised, they are the ones who will be hauled up by the police, beaten and dragged to jail.